Forklift Introduction

2020-02-06 10:00

Forklift is an industrial handling vehicle, which refers to a pair of parts.PalletCargo for handling, stacking andShort-distance transportationVarious wheeled handling vehicles for operation.International Organization for StandardizationISO/TC110 is calledIndustrial vehicles. It is often used for the transportation of large items in storage, usually using fuel engines orBattery driven.
The technical parameters of the forklift are used to indicate the structural characteristics and working performance of the forklift. The main technical parameters are: rated lifting weight, load center distance, maximum lifting height, mast inclination angle, maximum driving speed, minimumturning radius, minimumGround clearanceand wheelbase,WheelbaseWait

Technical parameters

1. Rated lifting weight: The rated lifting weight of the forklift refers to the maximum weight of the cargo allowed to be lifted when the distance from the center of gravity of the cargo to the front wall of the fork is not greater than the distance between the load centers, expressed in T (tons). When the center of gravity of the goods on the fork exceeds the specified load center distance, the lifting weight should be reduced accordingly due to the limitation of the longitudinal stability of the forklift.
2. Load Center Distance: Load Center Distance refers to the horizontal distance T from the center of gravity to the front wall of the vertical section of the fork when standard goods are placed on the fork, expressed in mm (millimeters). For 1T to 4T forklifts, the specified load center distance is 500mm.
3. Maximum lifting height: The maximum lifting height refers to the vertical distance between the upper surface of the horizontal section of the fork and the horizontal ground where the forklift is located when the forklift is fully loaded and the goods rise to the highest position on a flat and solid ground.
4, gantry inclination angle: gantry inclination angle refers to the maximum inclination angle of the gantry relative to its vertical position forward or backward on a flat and solid ground. The function of the forward inclination angle is to facilitate the forking and unloading of goods; the function of the backward inclination angle is to prevent the goods from slipping off the fork when the forklift carries the freight. Generally, the forward inclination angle of the forklift is 3 ° ~ 6 °, and the backward inclination angle is 10 ° ~ 12 °.
Maximum lifting speed: The maximum lifting speed of the forklift usually refers to the maximum lifting speed of the cargo when the forklift is fully loaded, expressed in m/min (m/min). Increase the maximum lifting speed, can improve the efficiency of the operation, but the lifting speed is too fast, prone to cargo damage and machine damage accidents. The maximum lifting speed of domestic forklifts has been increased to 20 m/min.
Maximum driving speed: Increasing the driving speed has a great impact on improving the efficiency of the forklift. For internal combustion forklifts with a lifting weight of 1T, the minimum driving speed at full load shall not be less than 17 m/min.
7. Minimum turning radius: When the forklift is driving at a low speed without load and turning with a full steering wheel, the minimum distance from the outermost and innermost sides of the car body to the turning center is called the minimum outer turning radius Rmin and the minimum inner turning radius rmin respectively Inside. The smaller the minimum outer turning radius, the smaller the ground area required for the forklift to turn and the better the maneuverability.
8. Minimum ground clearance: The minimum ground clearance refers to the distance from the lowest point fixed on the car body to the ground outside the wheels. It indicates the ability of the forklift to cross the raised obstacles on the ground without collision. The larger the minimum ground clearance, the higher the passability of the forklift.
9. Wheelbase and wheelbase: The wheelbase of the forklift refers to the horizontal distance between the center line of the front and rear axles of the forklift. The wheelbase refers to the distance between the centers of the left and right wheels on the same axis. Increasing the wheelbase is beneficial to the longitudinal stability of the forklift, but the length of the body increases and the minimum turning radius increases. Increasing the wheelbase is beneficial to the lateral stability of the forklift, but it will increase the overall width of the body and the minimum turning radius.
10. Minimum width of right-angle channel: The minimum width of right-angle channel refers to the minimum width of the right-angle intersecting channel for forklift to and from. Expressed in mm. Generally, the smaller the minimum width of the right angle channel, the better the performance.
11, the minimum width of the stacking channel: the minimum width of the stacking channel is the minimum width of the channel when the forklift is in normal operation.